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Faced 5+ Years in Prison

People Vs Joseph Amico

Covered by NYDaily News. Las Vegas man accused of threatening a prominent attorney and making vile remarks.

Faced 10+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Anna Sorokin

Covered by New York Times, and other outlets. Fake heiress accused of conning the city’s wealthy, and has an HBO special being made about her.

Faced 3+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Genevieve Sabourin

Accused of stalking Alec Baldwin. The case garnered nationwide attention, with USAToday, NYPost, and other media outlets following it closely.

Faced Potential Charges

Ghislaine Maxwell Juror

Juror who prompted calls for new Ghislaine Maxwell trial turns to lawyer who defended Anna Sorokin.

Why Choose Us

Clients can use our portal to track the status of their case, stay in touch with us, upload documents, and more.

Regardless of the type of situation you're facing, our attorneys are here to help you get quality representation.

We can setup consultations in person, over Zoom, or over the phone to help you. Bottom line, we're here to help you win your case.

Law in the Media

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Meet Todd Spodek


The Spodek Law Group understands how delicate high-profile cases can be, and has a strong track record of getting positive outcomes. Our lawyers service a clientele that is nationwide. With offices in both LA and NYC, and cases all across the country - Spodek Law Group is a top tier law firm.

Todd Spodek is a second generation attorney with immense experience. He has many years of experience handling 100’s of tough and hard to win trials. He’s been featured on major news outlets, such as New York Post, Newsweek, Fox 5 New York, South China Morning Post, Insider.com, and many others.

In 2022, Netflix released a series about one of Todd’s clients: Anna Delvey/Anna Sorokin.

Why Clients Choose Spodek Law Group

The reason is simple: clients want white glove service, and lawyers who can win. Every single client who works with the Spodek Law Group is aware that the attorney they hire could drastically change the outcome of their case. Hiring the Spodek Law Group means you’re taking your future seriously. Our lawyers handle cases nationwide, ranging from NYC to LA. Our philosophy is fair and simple: our nyc criminal lawyers only take on clients who we know will benefit from our services.

We’re selective about the clients we work with, and only take on cases we know align with our experience – and where we can make a difference. This is different from other law firms who are not invested in your success nor care about your outcome.

If you have a legal issue, call us for a consultation.
We are available 24/7, to help you with any – and all, challenges you face.

Key Differences Between FTC Subpoenas and Civil Investigative Demands

Key Differences Between FTC Subpoenas and Civil Investigative Demands

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) relies heavily on information requests to conduct investigations into potential violations of consumer protection and antitrust laws. The FTC has two main investigative tools at its disposal – subpoenas and civil investigative demands (CIDs). While subpoenas and CIDs serve similar functions, there are some key differences businesses should understand.

What are FTC Subpoenas and CIDs?

Subpoenas – Allow the FTC to compel testimony and the production of documents, tangible things, and other information. Subpoenas are issued under the FTC Act’s Section 9 authority and are used for antitrust investigations.

Civil Investigative Demands (CIDs) – Function like administrative subpoenas to collect information related to investigations. CIDs are authorized under Section 20 of the FTC Act and are used for consumer protection inquiries.

Both subpoenas and CIDs are legally enforceable demands. If the recipient fails to comply, the FTC can petition federal courts to order compliance.

Key Differences

1. Purpose and Scope

The purpose and scope differs between subpoenas and CIDs:

  • Subpoenas focus strictly on antitrust matters to determine if business practices harm competition.
  • CIDs relate to consumer protection cases probing for unfair or deceptive acts.

So subpoenas have a narrower purpose tied to antitrust enforcement. CIDs encompass a broader range of consumer protection issues.

2. Information Obtainable

Subpoenas and CIDs can demand similar information like documents, tangible things, and testimony.

But CIDs provide more flexibility to require:

  • Written reports
  • Answers to written questions

So the FTC has expanded options when using CIDs to gather details relevant to an investigation.

3. Basis for Issuance

There is a small but meaningful difference in the basis for issuing subpoenas vs. CIDs:

  • Subpoenas require a Commission resolution authorizing compulsory process.
  • CIDs do not require a Commission resolution. Staff can initiate the demand for information.

So there is an extra procedural step for subpoenas that offers more oversight and accountability.

4. Meet and Confer Requirement

The FTC Act mandates a “meet and confer” process for CIDs but not for subpoenas.

CID recipients can discuss modifying the demand with staff at an informal meeting.

There is no meet and confer requirement for subpoenas.

This gives CID respondents more opportunity to narrow the scope.

5. Judicial Enforcement

Both subpoenas and CIDs are judicially enforceable if the recipient fails to comply.

For subpoenas, Section 9 expressly authorizes federal court orders to compel responses.

For CIDs, Section 20 states district courts can order compliance.

In both cases, noncompliance can spur contempt proceedings and penalties.

6. Ability to Petition to Limit/Quash

Recipients can file petitions challenging both subpoenas and CIDs to limit or quash them, but the standards differ:

  • For subpoenas, petitions must be filed within 20 days per FTC Rule 2.7(d). Courts balance intrusiveness vs. need.
  • For CIDs, petitions must be filed within 20 days under Section 20(c)(2). Courts use a “not unduly burdensome” test.

So both have time limits, but courts apply different standards.

Responding to Subpoenas vs CIDs

Given the potent investigative power behind subpoenas and CIDs, targets should consult experienced legal counsel when served. Key tips include:

Meet and Confer

  • For CIDs, take full advantage of the meet and confer process to narrow requests.
  • For subpoenas, request a meeting with staff explaining issues and proposing reasonable modifications.

Conduct Internal Review

  • Perform a thorough internal review to understand relevant facts and assess risks.
  • Collect responsive documents systematically to show a good faith effort at compliance.

Petition to Limit, If Necessary

  • Petition the FTC if requests seem overly broad or unduly burdensome.
  • Be specific about issues and suggest reasonable limitations.

Assert Privileges

  • Properly assert any claims of legal privilege or protection over responsive information.

Submit Timely and Complete Responses

  • Provide information in a timely, organized, and compliant manner. This helps demonstrate cooperation.
  • Work closely with experienced counsel during the response process.

Consequences of Noncompliance

Failing to adequately respond to an FTC subpoena or CID can spur legal action in federal court leading to substantial penalties:

  • Court orders compelling responses
  • Steep daily fines for contempt
  • Jail time

So while subpoenas and CIDs differ in certain respects, it is essential to take both seriously given the FTC’s broad authority to enforce these demands.


  • FTC Subpoena and CID Enforcement
  • FTC Investigative Tools
  • Responding to CIDs
  • Petitioning to Quash Subpoenas and CIDs

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I was searching for a law firm with some power to help me deal with a warrant in New York . After 6 days I decided to go with Spodek Law Group. It helped that This law firm is well respected by not only the top law firms in New York , but the DA , Judge as well. I...

~Fonder Brandon

5 Stars
It was my good fortune to retain Spodek Law Group for representation for my legal needs. From the beginning, communication was prompt and thorough. Todd, Kenneth and Alex were the first people I worked with and they all made me feel comfortable and confident that the team was going to work hard for me. Everything was explained and any concerns...

~A G

5 Stars
After meeting with several law firms, I chose the Spodek Law Group not only for their professionalism and experience, but for the personal attention given to me right from the initial consultation. It is important to recognize how crucial having the right legal team is when faced with potentially life altering events that impact families and the lives of loved...

~George Cherubini

Spodek Law Group

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