24/7 call for a free consultation 212-300-5196




When you’re facing a federal issue, you need an attorney whose going to be available 24/7 to help you get the results and outcome you need. The value of working with the Spodek Law Group is that we treat each and every client like a member of our family.

Wyoming Crimes: Laws & Penalties

Understanding Wyoming’s Criminal Laws and Penalties

Wyoming may have a small population, but the state takes its criminal laws very seriously. If you find yourself facing criminal charges in Wyoming, it’s crucial to understand the state’s unique laws and penalties. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll break down the key aspects of Wyoming’s criminal justice system, from misdemeanors to felonies, and provide practical advice for navigating the legal process. Whether you’re dealing with a minor offense or a serious crime, having a solid grasp of Wyoming’s criminal statutes can make all the difference in protecting your rights and securing a favorable outcome. So let’s dive in and explore the ins and outs of Wyoming’s criminal laws and penalties.

Misdemeanors in Wyoming

In Wyoming, misdemeanors are divided into two main categories: high misdemeanors and low (or petty) misdemeanors. High misdemeanors carry penalties of up to one year in jail and fines ranging from $1,000 to $5,000. Low misdemeanors, on the other hand, are punishable by up to six months in jail and a maximum fine of $750.Some common examples of high misdemeanors in Wyoming include:

  • Reckless abuse of a vulnerable adult
  • Repeat domestic assault or battery
  • Intimidation related to criminal street gang activity

Low misdemeanors encompass a wide range of offenses, such as:

  • Simple assault
  • Disorderly conduct
  • Low-level property crimes

It’s important to note that if a Wyoming statute defines a crime as a misdemeanor but doesn’t specify the penalty, the default punishment is up to six months in jail.

First-Time Offender Program

Wyoming offers a first-offender program for certain misdemeanor crimes. To qualify, you must:

  1. Obtain the prosecutor’s consent
  2. Have no prior felony convictions
  3. Enter a guilty or no contest plea

If accepted into the program, the judge will place you on probation for one to three years instead of entering a conviction. During this time, you must:

  • Remain crime-free
  • Report to the court regularly
  • Pay restitution to any victims
  • Comply with other court-imposed conditions

Successfully completing the program allows you to avoid a criminal conviction. However, violating probation terms can result in a conviction and potential jail time.

Christine Twomey
Christine Twomey
Just had my Divorce case settled 2 months ago after having a horrible experience with another firm. I couldn’t be happier with Claire Banks and Elizabeth Garvey with their outstanding professionalism in doing so with Spodek Law Group. Any time I needed questions answered they were always prompt in doing so with all my uncertainties after 30 yrs of marriage.I feel from the bottom of my heart you will NOT be disappointed with either one. Thanks a million.
Brendan huisman
Brendan huisman
Alex Zhik contacted me almost immediately when I reached out to Spodek for a consultation and was able to effectively communicate the path forward/consequences of my legal issue. I immediately agreed to hire Alex for his services and did not regret my choice. He was able to cover my case in court (with 1 day notice) and not only was he able to push my case down, he carefully negotiated a dismissal of the charge altogether. I highly recommend Spodek, and more specifically, Alex Zhik for all of your legal issues. Thanks guys!
Guerline Menard
Guerline Menard
Thanks again Spodek law firm, particularly Esq Claire Banks who stood right there with us up to the finish line. Attached photos taken right outside of the court building and the smile on our faces represented victory, a breath of fresh air and satisfaction. We are very happy that this is over and we can move on with our lives. Thanks Spodek law 🙏🏼🙏🏼🙏🏼🙏🏼🙌🏼❤️
Keisha Parris
Keisha Parris
Believe every single review here about Alex Z!! From our initial consultation, it was evident that Alex possessed a profound understanding of criminal law and a fierce dedication to his clients rights. Throughout the entirety of my case, Alex exhibited unparalleled professionalism and unwavering commitment. What sets Alex apart is not only his legal expertise but also his genuine compassion for his clients. He took the time to thoroughly explain my case, alleviating any concerns I had along the way. His exact words were “I’m not worried about it”. His unwavering support and guidance were invaluable throughout the entire process. I am immensely grateful for Alex's exceptional legal representation and wholeheartedly recommend his services to anyone in need of a skilled criminal defense attorney. Alex Z is not just a lawyer; he is a beacon of hope for those navigating the complexities of the legal system. If you find yourself in need of a dedicated and competent legal advocate, look no further than Alex Z.
Taïko Beauty
Taïko Beauty
I don’t know where to start, I can write a novel about this firm, but one thing I will say is that having my best interest was their main priority since the beginning of my case which was back in Winter 2019. Miss Claire Banks, one of the best Attorneys in the firm represented me very well and was very professional, respectful, and truthful. Not once did she leave me in the dark, in fact she presented all options and routes that could possibly be considered for my case and she reinsured me that no matter what I decided to do, her and the team will have my back and that’s exactly what happened. Not only will I be liberated from this case, also, I will enjoy my freedom and continue to be a mother to my first born son and will have no restrictions with accomplishing my goals in life. Now that’s what I call victory!! I thank the Lord, My mother, Claire, and the Spodek team for standing by me and fighting with me. Words can’t describe how grateful I am to have the opportunity to work with this team. I’m very satisfied, very pleased with their performance, their hard work, and their diligence. Thank you team!
Anthony Williams
Anthony Williams
Hey, how you guys doing? Good afternoon my name is Anthony Williams I just want to give a great shout out to the team of. Spodek law group. It is such a honor to use them and to use their assistance through this whole case from start to finish. They did everything that they said they was gonna do and if it ever comes down to it, if I ever have to use them again, hands-down they will be the first law office at the top of my list, thank you guys so much. It was a pleasure having you guys by my side so if you guys ever need them, do not hesitate to pick up the phone and give them a call.
Loveth Okpedo
Loveth Okpedo
Very professional, very transparent, over all a great experience
Bee L
Bee L
Amazing experience with Spodek! Very professional lawyers who take your case seriously. They treated me with respect, were always available, and answered any and all questions. They were able to help me very successfully and removed a huge stress. Highly recommend.
divesh patel
divesh patel
I can't recommend Alex Zhik and Spodek Law Firm highly enough for their exceptional legal representation and personal mentorship. From the moment I engaged their services in October 2022, Alex took the time to understand my case thoroughly and provided guidance every step of the way. Alex's dedication to my case went above and beyond my expectations. His expertise, attention to detail, and commitment to achieving the best possible outcome were evident throughout the entire process. He took the time to mentor me, ensuring I understood the legal complexities involved to make informed decisions. Alex is the kind of guy you would want to have a beer with and has made a meaningful impact on me. I also want to acknowledge Todd Spodek, the leader of the firm, who played a crucial role in my case. His leadership and support bolstered the efforts of Alex, and his involvement highlighted the firm's commitment to excellence. Thanks to Alex Zhik and Todd Spodek, I achieved the outcome I desired, and I am incredibly grateful for their professionalism, expertise, and genuine care. If you're in need of legal representation, look no further than this outstanding team.

Expungement of Misdemeanor Records

After five years, including any probation period, you may apply to have your misdemeanor conviction expunged (sealed) in Wyoming. To be eligible, your offense cannot involve:

  • Firearms
  • Sexual battery committed by a healthcare provider against a patient

Having your record expunged can greatly improve your chances of securing employment, housing, and other opportunities that a criminal record might hinder.

Felonies in Wyoming

Wyoming does not classify felonies by degree like many other states. Instead, each felony offense carries its own specific penalties outlined in the relevant statute. When a felony penalty isn’t prescribed by law, the court may impose a fine of up to $10,000 and a sentence within the legal limits set forth in Wyoming Statute § 6-10-104.Some examples of felony offenses in Wyoming include:

  • Aggravated fleeing or attempting to elude a police officer (Wyo. Stat. § 31-5-225)
  • Aggravated homicide by vehicle (Wyo. Stat. § 6-2-106)

Felony convictions often result in lengthy prison sentences and substantial fines. They also carry additional consequences, such as:

  • Loss of voting rights
  • Ineligibility for certain professional licenses
  • Difficulty finding employment and housing
  • Restrictions on firearm ownership

Given the severe ramifications of a felony conviction, it’s crucial to work with an experienced Wyoming criminal defense attorney who can protect your rights and build a strong defense strategy.

Theft Crimes in Wyoming

Wyoming’s theft laws cover a broad range of offenses, from shoplifting to embezzlement. The severity of the charges and penalties depends on the value of the stolen property and other aggravating factors.

Theft Penalties

According to Wyoming Statute § 6-3-402, theft is:

  • A felony punishable by up to 10 years in prison and/or a $10,000 fine if the property value is $1,000 or more, or if the stolen property is a firearm, horse, mule, sheep, cattle, buffalo, or swine (regardless of value).
  • A misdemeanor punishable by up to 6 months in jail and/or a $750 fine if the property value is less than $1,000.

For repeat offenders convicted of stealing motor vehicle fuel, the court will also suspend the person’s driver’s license.

Aggregation of Property Value

When determining the value of stolen property, Wyoming law allows for aggregation. This means that if you commit multiple thefts as part of a common scheme or in the same transaction, the value of all the stolen items can be combined to determine the overall property value and corresponding charges. 

Burglary and Aggravated Burglary

Burglary involves entering or remaining in a building, occupied structure, or vehicle without authority, with the intent to commit theft or a felony inside. In Wyoming, burglary is a felony punishable by up to 10 years in prison and/or a $10,000 fine. However, if during the course of the burglary, you:

  1. Become armed with or use a deadly weapon (or simulated deadly weapon),
  2. Knowingly or recklessly inflict bodily injury on someone, or
  3. Attempt to inflict bodily injury on someone,

then you may be charged with aggravated burglary. Aggravated burglary is a more serious felony, carrying a penalty of 5-25 years in prison and/or up to a $50,000 fine.

Homicide Charges in Wyoming

Wyoming law recognizes several types of homicide charges, each with its own elements and penalties. Understanding the differences between these charges is crucial if you or a loved one is facing a homicide accusation.

First-Degree Murder

First-degree murder is the most serious homicide charge in Wyoming. To convict someone of first-degree murder, prosecutors must prove that the person:

  1. Purposely and with premeditated malice caused the death of another person, OR
  2. Caused the death of another person while committing certain serious felonies (like sexual assault, arson, robbery, burglary, or escape).

The penalties for first-degree murder include:

  • Death
  • Life in prison without parole
  • Life in prison

If the offender was under 18 at the time of the crime, the maximum punishment is life in prison5.

Second-Degree Murder

Second-degree murder differs from first-degree murder in that it lacks premeditation. A person commits second-degree murder when they purposely and maliciously, but without premeditation, kill another human being. In Wyoming, second-degree murder is punishable by 20 years to life in prison.


Manslaughter is a less severe homicide charge than murder. Under Wyoming law, a person commits manslaughter when they unlawfully kill another person without malice, either:

  1. Voluntarily, in a sudden heat of passion, OR
  2. Involuntarily, but recklessly

Manslaughter is a felony punishable by up to 20 years in prison.

Defenses to Homicide Charges

If you’re facing homicide charges in Wyoming, several defenses may be available depending on the circumstances of your case. Some common defenses include:

  • Self-defense or defense of others
  • Insanity or mental incapacity
  • Accidental death
  • Insufficient evidence

An experienced Wyoming criminal defense attorney can assess your case and determine the most effective defense strategy.

Drug Crimes in Wyoming

Wyoming has some of the strictest drug laws in the United States. Possessing, selling, or manufacturing controlled substances can lead to severe penalties, including lengthy prison sentences and hefty fines.


The consequences for drug possession in Wyoming depend on the type and amount of the substance involved. For example:

  • Possessing 3 ounces or less of marijuana is a misdemeanor, punishable by up to 12 months in jail and/or a $1,000 fine
  • Possessing more than 3 ounces of marijuana is a felony, punishable by up to 5 years in prison and/or a $10,000 fine
  • Possessing any amount of a Schedule I or II narcotic drug (like heroin or cocaine) is a felony, punishable by up to 7 years in prison and/or a $15,000 fine

Sale or Distribution

Selling or distributing drugs is a serious felony offense in Wyoming. The penalties vary based on factors such as the type and quantity of the drug, the offender’s criminal history, and whether the sale occurred near a school or involved a minor.For instance, selling any amount of a Schedule I or II narcotic drug is punishable by up to 20 years in prison and/or a $25,000 fine. If the sale takes place within 500 feet of a school, an additional $500 fine may be imposed.

Cultivation and Manufacturing

Growing or manufacturing controlled substances is also a felony in Wyoming. Cultivating any amount of marijuana, for example, can result in up to 6 months in jail and/or a $1,000 fine. Manufacturing methamphetamine or operating a meth lab carries even harsher penalties, including 20 years to life in prison and up to a $25,000 fine. 

Assault and Battery

Wyoming law distinguishes between several types of assault and battery offenses, each with its own elements and penalties.

Simple Assault

Simple assault is a misdemeanor that involves:

  1. Attempting to cause bodily injury to another person, OR
  2. Threatening to use a drawn deadly weapon on another person. 

Simple assault is punishable by up to 6 months in jail and/or a $750 fine.


Battery is a misdemeanor that occurs when a person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causes bodily injury to another person13. The penalties for battery include up to 6 months in jail and/or a $750 fine.

Aggravated Assault and Battery

Aggravated assault and battery is a felony offense that involves:

  1. Causing or attempting to cause serious bodily injury to another person, OR
  2. Threatening to use a drawn deadly weapon on another person, OR
  3. Causing bodily injury or threatening to cause bodily injury with a deadly weapon.

Aggravated assault and battery is punishable by up to 10 years in prison and/or a $10,000 fine.

Domestic Assault and Battery

Wyoming has specific laws addressing domestic violence. Domestic assault involves attempting to cause bodily injury to a household member, while domestic battery involves intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causing bodily injury to a household member.The penalties for domestic assault and battery increase with each subsequent conviction:

  • 1st offense: Up to 6 months in jail and/or a $750 fine
  • 2nd offense (within 5 years): Up to 1 year in jail and/or a $1,000 fine
  • 3rd or subsequent offense (within 5 years): Up to 5 years in prison and/or a $2,000 fine

Navigating the Wyoming Criminal Justice System

If you’re facing criminal charges in Wyoming, the legal process can be overwhelming and confusing. Here are some key things to keep in mind as you navigate the system:

Arrest and Booking

After an arrest, you’ll be taken to a local jail for booking. This process involves fingerprinting, photographing, and gathering personal information. You may be held in jail until your initial court appearance or released on bail.

Initial Appearance

At your initial appearance, the judge will inform you of the charges against you and your rights. You’ll also have the opportunity to enter a plea (guilty, not guilty, or no contest). If you can’t afford an attorney, the court will appoint a public defender to represent you.

Preliminary Hearing

In felony cases, you have the right to a preliminary hearing where the prosecution must present evidence showing probable cause that you committed the crime. If the judge finds probable cause, your case will be bound over to district court for trial.

Plea Bargaining

Many criminal cases in Wyoming are resolved through plea bargaining. This process involves negotiating with the prosecutor to reach an agreement where you plead guilty to a lesser charge or receive a reduced sentence in exchange for not going to trial.


If your case goes to trial, a jury will hear evidence from both the prosecution and defense before deciding whether you’re guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. In Wyoming, you have the right to a speedy trial within 180 days of your arraignment unless you waive that right. 


If you’re convicted, the judge will impose a sentence based on the specific crime, your criminal history, and other aggravating or mitigating factors. Your sentence may include imprisonment, fines, probation, restitution, or other conditions.


If you believe legal errors were made in your case, you have the right to appeal your conviction or sentence to a higher court. In Wyoming, you must file a notice of appeal within 30 days of the final judgment. 

Protecting Your Rights

When facing criminal charges in Wyoming, it’s essential to understand and assert your constitutional rights. Some key rights to keep in mind include:

  • The right to remain silent (Fifth Amendment)
  • The right to an attorney (Sixth Amendment)
  • The right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury (Sixth Amendment)
  • The right to confront witnesses against you (Sixth Amendment)
  • The right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures (Fourth Amendment)

Exercising these rights can be crucial to protecting yourself and building a strong defense. However, navigating the complex legal system on your own can be challenging and risky. That’s why it’s always advisable to work with a skilled Wyoming criminal defense attorney who can guide you through the process and fight for your rights at every stage.

The Importance of Legal Representation

Facing criminal charges is a serious matter that can have life-altering consequences. Whether you’re dealing with a misdemeanor or a felony, having an experienced criminal defense attorney by your side can make all the difference in the outcome of your case. A knowledgeable Wyoming criminal defense lawyer can:

  • Thoroughly investigate your case and gather evidence
  • Identify weaknesses in the prosecution’s case
  • Negotiate with prosecutors for reduced charges or a favorable plea deal
  • Develop a compelling defense strategy tailored to your unique circumstances
  • Advocate for your rights and interests in court
  • Guide you through the complex legal process and explain your options at every stage

Don’t leave your future to chance. If you or a loved one is facing criminal charges in Wyoming, reach out to a reputable criminal defense attorney as soon as possible to discuss your case and start building a strong defense.

Schedule Your Consultation Now