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When you’re facing a federal issue, you need an attorney whose going to be available 24/7 to help you get the results and outcome you need. The value of working with the Spodek Law Group is that we treat each and every client like a member of our family.

Targets, Subjects, And Witnesses In Federal Investigations

Legal terminology can be very confusing. Many people know what a terms such as a jury mean. They know what a judge is supposed to do as well as the role of a prosecutor and a defense attorney. At the same time, certain legal terms can be unclear. Even for those who have some experience with the legal field, it is not always obvious what is meant by terms that often used during federal investigations. Understanding specific terminology can help clear up any misunderstandings. It can also help people figure out what they need and want to ask any lawyers who might be assisting in their case. For those who are involved in the process of a federal legal investigation, knowing the difference between terms such as target, subject and witness is essential. Each will play a role in how the case plays out and the ultimate outcome for you and everyone else.

Three Statuses

In general, there are three statuses in any federal investigation. While these can vary, it’s a good idea to know what the terms targets, subjects and witnesses mean. These are part of the overall process of the federal criminal justice process. This process can take time and be spread across many days, weeks and even much longer.

The first status is what is known as a target. A target is essentially the person who is the focus of the investigation. They are the person the authorities are seeking to charge with some violation of the laws. A target may be a single person. It can also be a corporate entity and the people who run that company. Targets typically know they are the people being targeted. They have been given the information to understand why they are being targeted in most cases before the case begins. A target may be charged with a single crime. They can also be charged with more than one crime. The target may choose to plead guilty or they might wish to take the case further and dispute the charges. If you are a target, you’ll want to consult with a lawyer. They can help you understand what’s happening at every stage of the investigative process. They can also clear up any details that might be confusing as the case unfolds.

Another status is what is known as a witness. The witness is someone who may have been caught up in the case by accident. They might have seen wrongdoing. For example, they might have witnessed a carjacking or been in a plan when it was hijacked. A witness can have very brief involvement. They might have had a glimpse of the target as they grabbed the gun and demanded the plane be flown to a foreign country. The witness may also have been more involved in the case. For example, the pilot of the plane might have seen the whole thing from start to finish. If you are the witness to a crime, you might still want to speak to a lawyer. They can help you understand what you are required to do by law during a federal investigation. The witness is not the focus of the investigation and usually does not have to worry about any legal consequences when speaking in a court of law. They are required to tell the truth if they make any statements in a written document or they state something to an investigator orally.

Then there’s what’s known as a third status. This is the subject. The subject can be the most confusing status. As a subject, the person may be under investigation in some way. For example, they may be thought to have played a minor role a drug smuggling ring. At the same time, they are not the largest focus of the investigation. Law enforcement officials may be thinking of charging them with a crime at some point in the future. They may have some evidence against you but it is not finite and there may be problems with their case. If you have this status, you’ll to move forward with great care. This is where consulting with an attorney is ideal. They can help you find out what kind of evidence they have against you as well as what obligations you have as the case continues.

Those who are unsure where they stand should have their lawyer speak with the prosecutor. Bear in mind that your status can also change as the investigation changes. The prosecutor may have more enough information to decide against charging you with a crime. They may decide someone else should be the target. A prosecutor may also ask you to testify as a witness in turn for a possible reduced sentence. A great lawyer can help you figure out what’s always going on.

Federal Criminal Investigations Overview

Christine Twomey
Christine Twomey
2024-03-21
Just had my Divorce case settled 2 months ago after having a horrible experience with another firm. I couldn’t be happier with Claire Banks and Elizabeth Garvey with their outstanding professionalism in doing so with Spodek Law Group. Any time I needed questions answered they were always prompt in doing so with all my uncertainties after 30 yrs of marriage.I feel from the bottom of my heart you will NOT be disappointed with either one. Thanks a million.
Brendan huisman
Brendan huisman
2024-03-18
Alex Zhik contacted me almost immediately when I reached out to Spodek for a consultation and was able to effectively communicate the path forward/consequences of my legal issue. I immediately agreed to hire Alex for his services and did not regret my choice. He was able to cover my case in court (with 1 day notice) and not only was he able to push my case down, he carefully negotiated a dismissal of the charge altogether. I highly recommend Spodek, and more specifically, Alex Zhik for all of your legal issues. Thanks guys!
Guerline Menard
Guerline Menard
2024-03-18
Thanks again Spodek law firm, particularly Esq Claire Banks who stood right there with us up to the finish line. Attached photos taken right outside of the court building and the smile on our faces represented victory, a breath of fresh air and satisfaction. We are very happy that this is over and we can move on with our lives. Thanks Spodek law 🙏🏼🙏🏼🙏🏼🙏🏼🙌🏼❤️
Keisha Parris
Keisha Parris
2024-03-15
Believe every single review here about Alex Z!! From our initial consultation, it was evident that Alex possessed a profound understanding of criminal law and a fierce dedication to his clients rights. Throughout the entirety of my case, Alex exhibited unparalleled professionalism and unwavering commitment. What sets Alex apart is not only his legal expertise but also his genuine compassion for his clients. He took the time to thoroughly explain my case, alleviating any concerns I had along the way. His exact words were “I’m not worried about it”. His unwavering support and guidance were invaluable throughout the entire process. I am immensely grateful for Alex's exceptional legal representation and wholeheartedly recommend his services to anyone in need of a skilled criminal defense attorney. Alex Z is not just a lawyer; he is a beacon of hope for those navigating the complexities of the legal system. If you find yourself in need of a dedicated and competent legal advocate, look no further than Alex Z.
Taïko Beauty
Taïko Beauty
2024-03-15
I don’t know where to start, I can write a novel about this firm, but one thing I will say is that having my best interest was their main priority since the beginning of my case which was back in Winter 2019. Miss Claire Banks, one of the best Attorneys in the firm represented me very well and was very professional, respectful, and truthful. Not once did she leave me in the dark, in fact she presented all options and routes that could possibly be considered for my case and she reinsured me that no matter what I decided to do, her and the team will have my back and that’s exactly what happened. Not only will I be liberated from this case, also, I will enjoy my freedom and continue to be a mother to my first born son and will have no restrictions with accomplishing my goals in life. Now that’s what I call victory!! I thank the Lord, My mother, Claire, and the Spodek team for standing by me and fighting with me. Words can’t describe how grateful I am to have the opportunity to work with this team. I’m very satisfied, very pleased with their performance, their hard work, and their diligence. Thank you team!
Anthony Williams
Anthony Williams
2024-03-12
Hey, how you guys doing? Good afternoon my name is Anthony Williams I just want to give a great shout out to the team of. Spodek law group. It is such a honor to use them and to use their assistance through this whole case from start to finish. They did everything that they said they was gonna do and if it ever comes down to it, if I ever have to use them again, hands-down they will be the first law office at the top of my list, thank you guys so much. It was a pleasure having you guys by my side so if you guys ever need them, do not hesitate to pick up the phone and give them a call.
Loveth Okpedo
Loveth Okpedo
2024-03-12
Very professional, very transparent, over all a great experience
Bee L
Bee L
2024-02-28
Amazing experience with Spodek! Very professional lawyers who take your case seriously. They treated me with respect, were always available, and answered any and all questions. They were able to help me very successfully and removed a huge stress. Highly recommend.
divesh patel
divesh patel
2024-02-24
I can't recommend Alex Zhik and Spodek Law Firm highly enough for their exceptional legal representation and personal mentorship. From the moment I engaged their services in October 2022, Alex took the time to understand my case thoroughly and provided guidance every step of the way. Alex's dedication to my case went above and beyond my expectations. His expertise, attention to detail, and commitment to achieving the best possible outcome were evident throughout the entire process. He took the time to mentor me, ensuring I understood the legal complexities involved to make informed decisions. Alex is the kind of guy you would want to have a beer with and has made a meaningful impact on me. I also want to acknowledge Todd Spodek, the leader of the firm, who played a crucial role in my case. His leadership and support bolstered the efforts of Alex, and his involvement highlighted the firm's commitment to excellence. Thanks to Alex Zhik and Todd Spodek, I achieved the outcome I desired, and I am incredibly grateful for their professionalism, expertise, and genuine care. If you're in need of legal representation, look no further than this outstanding team.

Federal Criminal Investigations: Understanding Targets, Witnesses, and Subjects

Targets

Prosecutors often view targets as potential suspects. In numerous instances, government attorneys possess discernible evidence pointing to a target’s involvement in the crime under investigation. The government will notify someone they have been named a target in one of the following ways:

Target Letter

Sometimes, prosecutors will remit said individuals official government documents called target letters.

Search Warrants

Federal authorities might obtain court-approved permission to search the person of interest’s home or business. This official documentation is known as a search warrant.

Witnesses

Witnesses are individuals thought to possess pertinent information about some type of federal crime. Typically, witnesses are not considered hostile but potentially useful to furthering the investigation.

Subjects

Prosecutors view subjects as those who have likely perpetrated a criminal act or possess significant information about the offense under investigation. However, unlike targets, they are not immediate persons of interest.

The Importance Of Hiring An Attorney

Anyone placed into one of these categories is encouraged to promptly seek legal representation. Well-rounded defense attorneys will keep a prosecutor’s attention off the subject and might also be able to encourage their client to cooperate.

Contacting Spodek Law Firm

Involvement is a federal criminal investigation can be an overwhelming experience. Therefore, anyone charged with a federal crime or has been classified as a target, witness, or subject in such proceedings should consult with the Spodek Law Firm as soon as possible.

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