16 May 23

NY Penal Law § 120.05: Assault in the second Degree

(0) Comment | by

Last Updated on: 3rd June 2023, 09:31 pm

An In-Depth Look at Assault in the Second Degree: Navigating New York Penal Law § 120.05

Assault in the second degree is an incredibly serious offense, and it is essential that you grasp the severity of this crime and the possible defenses available to you, should you find yourself facing such a charge. This offense is only one of several assault offenses listed under the New York penal code, and understanding the specifics of this particular charge is crucial.

Defining Assault in the Second Degree under New York Penal Code § 120.05

In order to be charged with assault in the second degree, you must meet one of seven different circumstances defined by the New York Penal Code. These circumstances are outlined below in a comprehensive table for your convenience:

S/N Circumstance
1 Intentionally causing serious physical injury to another individual or a third person
2 Using a deadly weapon or dangerous instrument with the intent to injure someone and actually causing injury
3 Assaulting an official, such as a peace officer or train operator/conductor, in order to prevent them from performing their duties
4 Recklessly causing serious physical injury using a deadly weapon or dangerous instrument
5 Intentionally administering drugs without consent, resulting in unconsciousness or physical impairment
6 Injuring someone while committing another felony offense
7 Being at least 18 years old and intentionally or recklessly injuring a child younger than 11 years old

Illuminating Examples of Assault in the Second Degree

To truly comprehend the implications of assault in the second degree, let’s delve into some vivid, emotionally-charged examples:

  • A visibly enraged man, wielding his razor-sharp pocket knife, slashes ferociously into another man’s abdomen, causing a deep, blood-soaked wound.
  • Seething with anger, a powerful man viciously punches a defenseless woman in the face, propelling her violently backwards and causing her head to collide with unforgiving concrete, sustaining life-changing injuries.

Both of these graphic and harrowing examples illustrate the deliberate intent to inflict severe injury, a crucial component of second-degree assault charges.

Related Offenses: Menacing and Reckless Endangerment

Under the umbrella of assault-based offenses are additional charges such as Menacing (New York Penal Code § 120.14) and Reckless Endangerment (New York Penal Code § 120.20). These crimes are often found side-by-side with second-degree assault charges.

Potential Defenses Against Assault in the Second Degree Charges

When facing a second-degree assault charge, there are various possible defenses that may be accessible, such as:

S/N Defense
1 Contesting the severity of the victim’s injuries, arguing that they are not serious enough to warrant a second-degree assault charge
2 Invoking the “justification” statute under New York criminal law, which permits the use of physical force against another individual if it was necessary for self-defense

The Consequences: Sentencing for Assault in the Second Degree

As a class D felony, assault in the second degree carries a maximum sentence of seven years imprisonment. Due to the violent nature of this offense, judges are required to impose a sentence of at least two years behind bars. In addition to the harsh reality of imprisonment, those convicted could face fines of up to


and an Order of Protection, forcing them to stay away from their victims.

In Conclusion: Seek Expert Legal Guidance

Understandably, assault in the second degree is a complex and potentially life-altering charge. If you find yourself in the troubling position of facing this charge, it is crucial that you understand the charges against you and seek the guidance of an experienced criminal defense attorney. They will tirelessly work to protect your rights and help you build the strongest defense possible, giving you the best chance to navigate the choppy waters of the justice system.

NY Penal Law § 120.05: Assault in the second Degree

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *