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Faced 5+ Years in Prison

People Vs Joseph Amico

Covered by NYDaily News. Las Vegas man accused of threatening a prominent attorney and making vile remarks.

Faced 10+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Anna Sorokin

Covered by New York Times, and other outlets. Fake heiress accused of conning the city’s wealthy, and has an HBO special being made about her.

Faced 3+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Genevieve Sabourin

Accused of stalking Alec Baldwin. The case garnered nationwide attention, with USAToday, NYPost, and other media outlets following it closely.

Faced Potential Charges

Ghislaine Maxwell Juror

Juror who prompted calls for new Ghislaine Maxwell trial turns to lawyer who defended Anna Sorokin.

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Clients can use our portal to track the status of their case, stay in touch with us, upload documents, and more.

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We can setup consultations in person, over Zoom, or over the phone to help you. Bottom line, we're here to help you win your case.

Law in the Media

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Meet Todd Spodek


The Spodek Law Group understands how delicate high-profile cases can be, and has a strong track record of getting positive outcomes. Our lawyers service a clientele that is nationwide. With offices in both LA and NYC, and cases all across the country - Spodek Law Group is a top tier law firm.

Todd Spodek is a second generation attorney with immense experience. He has many years of experience handling 100’s of tough and hard to win trials. He’s been featured on major news outlets, such as New York Post, Newsweek, Fox 5 New York, South China Morning Post, Insider.com, and many others.

In 2022, Netflix released a series about one of Todd’s clients: Anna Delvey/Anna Sorokin.

Why Clients Choose Spodek Law Group

The reason is simple: clients want white glove service, and lawyers who can win. Every single client who works with the Spodek Law Group is aware that the attorney they hire could drastically change the outcome of their case. Hiring the Spodek Law Group means you’re taking your future seriously. Our lawyers handle cases nationwide, ranging from NYC to LA. Our philosophy is fair and simple: our nyc criminal lawyers only take on clients who we know will benefit from our services.

We’re selective about the clients we work with, and only take on cases we know align with our experience – and where we can make a difference. This is different from other law firms who are not invested in your success nor care about your outcome.

If you have a legal issue, call us for a consultation.
We are available 24/7, to help you with any – and all, challenges you face.

How Civil Investigative Demands Further FTC Consumer Protection Efforts

How Civil Investigative Demands Further FTC Consumer Protection Efforts

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is the top federal agency tasked with protecting consumers and promoting competition. The FTC Act gives the FTC powerful tools to investigate potential violations of consumer protection laws, including the ability to issue civil investigative demands (CIDs).

What is a Civil Investigative Demand?

A CID is essentially a type of administrative subpoena used by the FTC to obtain information during investigations. As explained on the FTC’s website[1], a CID legally compels the recipient, whether an individual or company, to provide documents, written reports, answers to interrogatories, or oral testimony regarding an FTC investigation.

The FTC can issue CIDs when it has reason to believe a company has engaged in unfair or deceptive trade practices prohibited by Section 5 of the FTC Act or violated other specific consumer protection statutes enforced by the FTC.

Why CIDs Are Important for Consumer Protection

CIDs provide the FTC with crucial investigative powers to protect consumers. According to FTC Consumer Protection Bureau Director Andrew Smith[5], “CIDs allow FTC investigators to gather facts and data to determine whether consumer harm has occurred or is likely to occur and provide the basis for appropriate remedial measures.”

Without the ability to issue CIDs, the FTC would lack the information required to determine if a company has violated the law. CIDs enable the FTC to build cases and bring enforcement actions against companies using unfair, deceptive, or fraudulent practices.

CID Investigation Process

There are several steps in a typical CID investigation:

  • The FTC first approves issuing a CID to a company or individual
  • The CID recipient can petition to limit or quash the CID, but must otherwise comply
  • FTC staff review the information and determine next steps
  • If violations occurred, the FTC may settle or sue the company

Companies that receive a CID should take it very seriously, as explained in this FTC blog post[14]. The FTC will pursue legal action against recipients that ignore or do not fully comply with CIDs. Most CID disputes end with the court enforcing compliance or a settlement.

CID Requirements and Limitations

While CIDs give the FTC broad investigative authority, there are some guardrails in place. The FTC cannot issue CIDs arbitrarily and must follow certain protocols, limitations, and reporting requirements under Section 20 of the FTC Act.

Importantly, CID recipients can petition to set aside or limit the CID if they believe it is unduly burdensome or outside the FTC’s jurisdiction. But the default assumption is that recipients must comply absent court intervention. Courts overwhelmingly expect full compliance from CID recipients.

CID Requirements and Limits
– FTC approval required to issue
– Can only request info relevant to investigation
– Recipients can petition to quash or limit
– FTC must report to Congress on use

Case Examples

CIDs have enabled FTC enforcement actions in many major consumer protection cases. For example, in 2019 the FTC fined Equifax $575 million over a 2017 data breach that exposed personal information of 147 million people. According to the FTC, Equifax failed to properly safeguard consumer data after issuing a CID.

Another example is the FTC’s $19 million settlement with Uber in 2022 for misleading safety claims. The FTC issued a CID to Uber investigating its safety representations during rides.

And in 2022, the FTC sent warning letters to hundreds of companies about fake reviews, often flagged by consumers on Reddit[6].


In sum, civil investigative demands are a critical enforcement tool that empower the FTC to protect consumers from unlawful business practices. CIDs provide the documentary evidence required for the FTC to determine violations and pursue fines, injunctions, and other remedies.

And while CIDs involve a formal investigative process, the FTC aims to use them judiciously and work cooperatively with recipients. In many cases CIDs lead to closing investigations or reasonable settlements without litigation. But companies that ignore CIDs do so at their peril, as the FTC takes compliance very seriously.

By enabling investigations of consumer complaints, data breaches, privacy issues, and unfair competition, civil investigative demands help the FTC live up to its mission of preventing consumer harm without unduly burdening legitimate business activities.

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I was searching for a law firm with some power to help me deal with a warrant in New York . After 6 days I decided to go with Spodek Law Group. It helped that This law firm is well respected by not only the top law firms in New York , but the DA , Judge as well. I...

~Fonder Brandon

5 Stars
It was my good fortune to retain Spodek Law Group for representation for my legal needs. From the beginning, communication was prompt and thorough. Todd, Kenneth and Alex were the first people I worked with and they all made me feel comfortable and confident that the team was going to work hard for me. Everything was explained and any concerns...

~A G

5 Stars
After meeting with several law firms, I chose the Spodek Law Group not only for their professionalism and experience, but for the personal attention given to me right from the initial consultation. It is important to recognize how crucial having the right legal team is when faced with potentially life altering events that impact families and the lives of loved...

~George Cherubini

Spodek Law Group

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We Provide Superior Service, Excellent Results, At A Level Superior To Other Criminal Defense Law Firms. Regardless Of Where Your Case Is, Nationwide, We Can Help You.
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