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How Cash Flow Analysis Can Improve Business Debt Repayment

By Spodek Law Group | February 20, 2024

How Cash Flow Analysis Can Improve Business Debt Repayment

What is Cash Flow Analysis?

Cash flow analysis involves tracking all cash coming into and going out of a business over a set period of time – usually monthly or quarterly (1). It provides visibility into the actual amount of cash available to fund operations and pay expenses.

The key components of cash flow analysis include:

  • Cash Inflows – All money coming into the business from sales, accounts receivable, loans, investments, etc.
  • Cash Outflows – All money going out for operating expenses, loan payments, payroll, taxes, etc.
  • Net Cash Flow – Cash inflows minus cash outflows. Positive net cash flow means more money is coming in than going out. Negative means more is going out than coming in.

By categorizing every cash transaction and tallying monthly or quarterly totals, businesses get a clear picture of cash availability. This is more insightful than relying solely on profit/loss statements. A business can be profitable on paper but still face cash flow issues.

How Cash Flow Analysis Assists Debt Repayment

For businesses carrying debt like loans, lines of credit or merchant cash advances, consistent positive cash flow is essential for making regular payments. Here are some of the key ways proper cash flow analysis helps:

1. Evaluating Debt Service Ability

Before taking on new debt, cash flow analysis lets businesses evaluate if they can realistically handle the additional monthly payments. It shows how much cash cushion exists after paying existing obligations. If the analysis shows tight cash flow or negative net cash flow, adding further debt payments puts businesses at high risk of missing payments later.

2. Monitoring Changes Over Time

Ongoing cash flow analysis from month-to-month or quarter-to-quarter allows businesses to monitor trends and catch potential problems early. For example, if cash outflows suddenly increase or cash inflows drop off, the business can take corrective actions before the next debt payment comes due. Steps might include reducing expenses, collecting receivables faster, or securing short-term financing to bridge the gap.

3. Optimizing Timing of Payments

Since cash flow fluctuates, some months or quarters have tighter cash positions than others. By understanding these fluctuations, businesses can strategically time their debt payments around projected cash availability to avoid late fees or shortfalls. For cyclical businesses, this may involve advanced planning to build up cash reserves just before large quarterly loan payments come due.

4. Setting Repayment Priorities

With limited cash on hand, tough decisions must be made about which obligations to pay first. Cash flow analysis provides the data to strategically prioritize debt payments over less critical expenses. Businesses can rank and pay debts with the highest interest rates or severest late penalties first when cash is tight. This prevents the most damaging hits to credit and scores.

5. Forecasting Cash Positions

Using past cash flow statements, businesses can forecast future months’ or quarters’ cash positions. This projection of cash inflows and outflows helps plan for upcoming debt payments and detect potential shortfalls ahead of time. With forecasts, businesses can seek credit line increases, temporary working capital, or other financing to ensure sufficient cash to cover debt payments.

Best Practices for Accurate Analysis

Follow these tips for cash flow analysis that truly reflects the business’ ability to meet debt obligations:

  • Track all accounts – Capture every source of cash coming in and account for every type of expense. Missing key transactions results in flawed analysis.
  • Include owner’s draws – Many small businesses pay owners and partners through draws against profits. These draws impact cash and must be tracked.
  • Use accrual basis accounting – Recognize income/expenses when billed rather than only when paid. This matches cash flow to business activity cycles.
  • Separate personal and business – Do not co-mingle personal and business transactions. Track them separately to know the true business cash position.
  • Update frequently – Monthly cash flow analysis is recommended over quarterly. More frequent updating gives greater visibility into changes.

How Better Cash Flow Can Improve Debt Repayment

With routine, accurate cash flow analysis, businesses can take proactive steps to enhance their cash positions and ensure reliable debt repayment. Strategies include:

  • Generate more sales revenue earlier through marketing outreach and promotions
  • Offer discounts for early customer payment of invoices to accelerate cash inflows
  • Renegotiate payment terms with suppliers to ease short-term cash needs
  • Reduce operating expenses without impacting business activity
  • Move cash reserves from low-interest accounts to higher yield accounts
  • Discuss repayment schedule changes with lenders to better align with cash capabilities
  • Seek payment deferrals or refinancing if existing debt schedule becomes unmanageable

Warning Signs of Overextended Debt

While cash flow analysis helps match debt to repayment ability, warning signs below indicate businesses may be overextended:

  • Paying debt with credit cards or new financing rather than from business activity
  • Depleting cash reserves to make monthly debt payments
  • Rolling over lines of credit without paying down principal
  • Taking on new debt to pay existing creditors
  • Delaying tax payments to temporarily ease cash shortfalls
  • Having to continually ask lenders for payment deadline extensions

If efforts to improve cash flow still leave the business unable to reliably meet obligations, it may be over-leveraged on debt. Seeking qualified business or credit counseling to restructure or reduce debt may be the most prudent option.

Using Technology for Better Cash Flow Analysis

Sophisticated financial technology tools automate and simplify cash flow analysis for smoother business debt management. Recommended solutions include:

  • QuickBooks Cash Flow Manager – Cash flow analysis and forecasting tool for QuickBooks users with lending options.
  • Float – Cash flow forecasting combining data from banking, billing, POS and accounting systems.
  • Pulse – Mobile-first cash flow analysis linking bank accounts to track income and outgo 24/7.
  • Flux – Cash management platform analyzing transactions and automating cash-saving workflows.

These technologies sync real-time banking, credit card, and other financial data to generate dynamic cash flow analysis and forecasts. They can track every transaction related to cash inflows and outflows with minimal manual data entry. With up-to-date visibility, businesses can hone debt repayment strategies to changing financial conditions.

Consult the Experts

While diligent cash flow monitoring helps manage debt repayment, expert assistance may be needed to develop sustainable solutions for businesses carrying excessive debt burdens. Top financial and legal specialists include:

  • Accountants – Advise on accounting practices for accurate cash flow analysis and tax implications of various repayment options.
  • Bookkeepers – Set up and maintain cash flow analysis systems; identify problem transaction trends.
  • Business Credit Counselors – Evaluate total debt levels against business finances and arrange customized debt relief programs.
  • Small Business Consultants – Review operations and recommend expense cutting measures to improve cash flow for debt payments.
  • Business Bankers – Structure loan products/terms to match cash flow cycles and offer credit assistance.
  • Attorneys – Handle negotiations with creditors regarding repayment terms, settlements and restructuring options.

With the right focus on cash flow analysis and professional guidance, businesses can manage debt in a way that minimizes risk and disruption. Consistent monitoring and decisive actions to shore up cash positions keeps repayment on track. Reach out today to discuss your business situation and next steps.

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