10 Sep 23

Indianapolis Title IX Lawyers

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Last Updated on: 24th September 2023, 05:09 pm

Indianapolis Title IX Lawyers

Title IX is a federal law that prohibits sex discrimination in education. It applies to all schools, colleges, and universities that receive federal funding. Title IX covers various forms of sex discrimination, including sexual harassment, sexual assault, and discrimination based on pregnancy. Schools are required to have procedures in place for handling Title IX complaints and investigations. If you are involved in a Title IX case in Indianapolis, having an experienced lawyer can help ensure your rights are protected.

What is Title IX?

Title IX is part of the Education Amendments of 1972. It states that “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”[1] This applies to all aspects of education, including academics, extracurricular activities, athletics, and employment.

Some key aspects of Title IX include:

  • Prohibits sex discrimination in academics, school activities, and employment
  • Requires schools to have procedures for handling complaints
  • Covers sexual harassment and sexual violence
  • Applies to students and employees
  • Requires schools to take steps to prevent sex discrimination
  • Protects students, faculty, staff, applicants, and visitors

Title IX is enforced by the Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR). Schools that violate Title IX can lose federal funding. Individuals can also file lawsuits against schools for Title IX violations.

How Title IX Applies to Sexual Harassment and Assault

Title IX requires schools to take immediate action to address sexual harassment, sexual assault, and sexual violence involving students or employees. This includes acts of sexual violence committed by students, faculty, staff, or third parties. Schools must have procedures in place for handling complaints and must take steps to prevent sexual harassment and assault on campus.

If a school knows or reasonably should know about sexual harassment or violence that creates a hostile environment, they must take action to eliminate the harassment, prevent its recurrence, and address its effects. Schools also must publish a notice of nondiscrimination, adopt and publish grievance procedures, and ensure grievance processes are prompt and equitable.


Key Aspects of Title IX Procedures

Schools must follow certain procedures when handling Title IX complaints and investigations. This includes:

  • Having a Title IX Coordinator to oversee compliance
  • Adopting and publishing grievance procedures
  • Offering supportive measures to complainants
  • Conducting an investigation into formal complaints
  • Allowing cross-examination during hearings
  • Having an appeals process
  • Providing remedies to complainants if violations occurred

Schools must treat complainants and respondents equitably. This includes providing remedies to a complainant if a respondent is found responsible. It also includes following grievance procedures before imposing disciplinary sanctions on a respondent.

Finding an Indianapolis Title IX Lawyer

If you are involved in a Title IX investigation as a complainant or respondent, having legal representation can help ensure your rights are protected. An attorney can:

  • Advise you on the Title IX process and procedures
  • Represent you in hearings and appeals
  • Gather evidence and question witnesses
  • Negotiate alternative resolutions when appropriate
  • Help ensure proper procedures are followed
  • Challenge any improper or biased actions

When looking for a Title IX lawyer in Indianapolis, it’s important to find someone experienced in handling these types of cases. Be sure to ask about their specific Title IX experience, such as:

  • How many Title IX cases have they handled?
  • Do they regularly represent complainants or respondents?
  • Are they familiar with your school’s policies and procedures?
  • Will they personally handle your case or pass it to an associate?

It’s also important to find an attorney you feel comfortable with. Schedule a consultation to discuss your case and assess whether it’s a good fit. Be sure you understand what their representation will entail and what the costs will be.

The Investigation Phase

If a formal complaint is filed, the school must conduct an investigation. This involves:[2]

  • Interviewing the complainant, respondent, and witnesses
  • Gathering evidence such as emails, texts, social media posts
  • Reviewing police reports or medical records (with consent)
  • Visiting relevant locations if needed to assess the allegations
  • Writing a report summarizing the relevant evidence

It’s important to have legal counsel at this stage. An attorney can:

  • Attend interviews with you
  • Gather exculpatory evidence you may not know about
  • Suggest witnesses or evidence to review
  • Ensure your rights are protected
  • Challenge any improper investigation procedures

Your attorney can also help prepare you for interviews and suggest strategies for answering questions. They can follow up if needed to seek clarification or provide additional evidence.

Hearings and Cross-Examination

If a school pursues disciplinary action following an investigation, a live hearing must be held. Complainants and respondents can have advisors, often attorneys, participate in the hearings.[3] Key aspects include:

  • Advisors can cross-examine the other party and witnesses
  • Questions go through the hearing panel chair
  • Parties must have an advisor to conduct cross-examination
  • Advisors may present evidence and make objections

Having a skilled attorney serve as your advisor can help ensure your rights are protected during the hearing process. They can object if improper procedures are followed and can conduct effective cross-examination of the other party and witnesses.


After a hearing, both parties have the right to appeal the decision or any disciplinary sanctions. Grounds for appeals may include:[4]

  • Procedural irregularities that affected the outcome
  • New evidence not reasonably available earlier
  • Conflicts of interest or bias by the Title IX coordinator, investigator, or decision-makers

An attorney can help identify grounds for appeal and present persuasive arguments. They can also represent you during any appeal hearings or proceedings.

Seeking Legal Action Outside of School

In addition to filing Title IX complaints through your school’s procedures, you may also have grounds for a lawsuit. This could include:[5]

  • Suing the school for Title IX violations
  • Suing the respondent directly for discrimination or assault
  • Reporting sexual violence crimes to police

An attorney can advise you on options for legal action outside of school disciplinary processes. They can help assess the merits of potential cases and represent you in court if you decide to pursue a lawsuit.

Key Takeaways

Having experienced legal counsel can make a significant difference in Title IX cases. An attorney can help by:

  • Ensuring proper procedures are followed
  • Protecting your rights during investigations and hearings
  • Gathering evidence and identifying witnesses
  • Conducting effective cross-examination and advocacy
  • Pursuing appeals or legal action when warranted

If you are involved in a Title IX case, take time to find a knowledgeable attorney you trust. Representation from a skilled Indianapolis Title IX lawyer can help achieve the most fair and just outcome given the circumstances.


[1] U.S. Department of Justice – Title IX Legal Manual

[2] U.S. Department of Education – Title IX Summary

[3] Indiana University Title IX Procedures

[4] Title IX Lawyer in Indiana – KJK Student Defense

[5] Defense for Title IX Investigations in Indiana – Lento Law Firm