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Covered by NYDaily News. Las Vegas man accused of threatening a prominent attorney and making vile remarks.

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People Vs. Anna Sorokin

Covered by New York Times, and other outlets. Fake heiress accused of conning the city’s wealthy, and has an HBO special being made about her.

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Accused of stalking Alec Baldwin. The case garnered nationwide attention, with USAToday, NYPost, and other media outlets following it closely.

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Meet Todd Spodek


The Spodek Law Group understands how delicate high-profile cases can be, and has a strong track record of getting positive outcomes. Our lawyers service a clientele that is nationwide. With offices in both LA and NYC, and cases all across the country - Spodek Law Group is a top tier law firm.

Todd Spodek is a second generation attorney with immense experience. He has many years of experience handling 100’s of tough and hard to win trials. He’s been featured on major news outlets, such as New York Post, Newsweek, Fox 5 New York, South China Morning Post, Insider.com, and many others.

In 2022, Netflix released a series about one of Todd’s clients: Anna Delvey/Anna Sorokin.

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The reason is simple: clients want white glove service, and lawyers who can win. Every single client who works with the Spodek Law Group is aware that the attorney they hire could drastically change the outcome of their case. Hiring the Spodek Law Group means you’re taking your future seriously. Our lawyers handle cases nationwide, ranging from NYC to LA. Our philosophy is fair and simple: our nyc criminal lawyers only take on clients who we know will benefit from our services.

We’re selective about the clients we work with, and only take on cases we know align with our experience – and where we can make a difference. This is different from other law firms who are not invested in your success nor care about your outcome.

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How Queens Drug Lawyers Challenge Unconstitutional Vehicle Searches

How Queens Drug Lawyers Challenge Unconstitutional Vehicle Searches

In Queens, New York, drug lawyers regularly face cases involving unconstitutional vehicle searches by police. These improper searches can lead to drug charges, weapons charges, and more. As experienced criminal defense attorneys know, the Fourth Amendment protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures. However, exceptions to the Fourth Amendment allow warrantless vehicle searches in certain circumstances.
Queens drug lawyers challenge these unconstitutional searches by filing motions to suppress evidence. If granted, this leads to dismissal of charges. Defense attorneys argue the search violated rights guaranteed by the Fourth Amendment and Article I Section 12 of New York’s constitution.

When Can Police Legally Search Vehicles Without a Warrant in New York?

Police may conduct warrantless vehicle searches only if one of these recognized exceptions applies:

  • Probable cause – Officers have reliable information that the vehicle contains contraband or evidence of a crime
  • Plain view – Officers see contraband or evidence of a crime in plain view inside the vehicle
  • Search incident to arrest – Officers search a vehicle after lawfully arresting its recent occupant
  • Inventory search – Officers inventory the contents of an impounded vehicle using standardized procedures
  • Exigent circumstances – Officers face an emergency that demands an immediate warrantless search

If none of these exceptions apply, any evidence found during the unlawful search may be suppressed.

Examples of Unconstitutional Vehicle Searches in Queens

Queens drug lawyers have succeeded in getting evidence thrown out in many improper vehicle search cases. For example:

  • After a legal traffic stop, officers claimed to smell marijuana. They searched the car and found a gun. But officers lacked probable cause, so the evidence was suppressed. [1]
  • Officers had a warrant to search a car dismantling business but then exceeded its scope by searching vehicles on the property without authorization. The illegally obtained evidence was suppressed. [2]
  • A canine sniff search around a legally parked vehicle’s exterior violated the owner’s reasonable expectation of privacy under New York law. The appellate court affirmed suppression of the evidence. [3]

How Queens Drug Lawyers File Motions to Suppress

Skilled Queens drug lawyers use motions to suppress to challenge unconstitutional vehicle searches and exclude illegally obtained evidence.
Defense attorneys must identify a cognizable Fourth Amendment violation. Common arguments include lack of probable cause, invalid warrant, improper impoundment, failure to follow inventory procedures, etc.
The motion to suppress must establish precisely how the search violated constitutional protections against unreasonable searches and seizures. Detailed fact-finding lays the groundwork for suppression.

Burden of Proof

The defense bears the initial burden of alleging unconstitutional police conduct. But once a cognizable Fourth Amendment violation is shown, the burden shifts to the prosecution.
Now the state must prove by a preponderance of evidence that the search complied with the Fourth Amendment. This burden-shifting framework gives the defense an edge.

Timing of the Motion

Defense lawyers can file a motion to suppress before trial begins or during the trial itself. But it’s best to file early on to allow proper investigation and prevent trial delays.
Gathering reliable information quickly is crucial. Police reports may omit critical facts or provide misleading accounts of events. Independent investigation helps uncover police misconduct.

Evidence Presented

In a suppression hearing, both sides present evidence about the legality of the search. This can include police testimony, recordings, documents, forensic evidence, etc.
Credibility often plays a key role. Defense lawyers may argue that officers lied about smelling marijuana or other suspicious circumstances used to justify a warrantless search.
Without the excluded evidence, the prosecution’s case may completely fall apart. Charges could get dismissed or reduced. Even if charges proceed to trial, losing key evidence weakens the state’s case.

How New York’s Marijuana Legalization Impacts Vehicle Searches

New York’s 2021 marijuana legalization law declares that the odor of cannabis alone no longer establishes probable cause for a vehicle search. Several other states have similar laws.
So officers can no longer rely on claiming they smelled marijuana to justify a warrantless search. This will significantly impact vehicle stops going forward.
Police need to develop actual probable cause based on objective facts about illegal activity. They can’t use minor traffic violations as an excuse to go fishing for contraband.
Thanks to marijuana reforms, Queens drug lawyers have an additional argument to challenge flimsy police rationales for vehicle searches.

Why Independent Investigation of Vehicle Stops Is Essential

The accounts in police reports may omit or misrepresent critical facts about a vehicle search. This is why independent investigation by defense lawyers is so important.
Officers don’t always disclose improper motivations. For example, statistics show police disproportionately stop drivers of color in pretextual traffic stops seeking to uncover contraband. Highly intrusive searches often follow.
Likewise, minor marijuana possession arrests continue despite legalization. And “consent searches” rely on coercion, ignorance of rights, or outright deception.
Through witness interviews, video footage requests, and other evidence gathering, Queens drug lawyers can build arguments to suppress illegally obtained evidence. But this takes time and resources.
Public defenders carrying hundreds of cases lack capacity to dig deeper in most arrests. So innocent people plead guilty every day without ever challenging unconstitutional searches. Quality representation makes all the difference.

Fighting Back Against Illegal Vehicle Searches Preserves Constitutional Rights

Motions to suppress enable Queens drug lawyers to hold police accountable for illegal searches. Excluding improperly obtained evidence keeps the criminal legal system in check.
This upholds Fourth Amendment principles against unreasonable government overreach. Rights violations that go unchallenged lead down a slippery slope.
Granting motions to suppress also changes police training and protocols. As certain questionable rationales for warrantless searches stop working in court, officers adapt. Deterrence sets in.
But defending constitutional freedoms is an uphill battle. Overcoming systemic racism and unchecked police power takes relentless effort. Having experienced Queens drug lawyers in your corner levels the playing field. Don’t hesitate to exercise your rights. The law is on your side.


For more information on challenging unconstitutional vehicle searches in New York, check out these additional resources:

Reach out to a qualified Queens criminal defense lawyer for help if you believe police violated your rights. Protecting freedom starts one case at a time.

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I was searching for a law firm with some power to help me deal with a warrant in New York . After 6 days I decided to go with Spodek Law Group. It helped that This law firm is well respected by not only the top law firms in New York , but the DA , Judge as well. I...

~Fonder Brandon

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It was my good fortune to retain Spodek Law Group for representation for my legal needs. From the beginning, communication was prompt and thorough. Todd, Kenneth and Alex were the first people I worked with and they all made me feel comfortable and confident that the team was going to work hard for me. Everything was explained and any concerns...

~A G

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After meeting with several law firms, I chose the Spodek Law Group not only for their professionalism and experience, but for the personal attention given to me right from the initial consultation. It is important to recognize how crucial having the right legal team is when faced with potentially life altering events that impact families and the lives of loved...

~George Cherubini

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