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Faced 5+ Years in Prison

People Vs Joseph Amico

Covered by NYDaily News. Las Vegas man accused of threatening a prominent attorney and making vile remarks.

Faced 10+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Anna Sorokin

Covered by New York Times, and other outlets. Fake heiress accused of conning the city’s wealthy, and has an HBO special being made about her.

Faced 3+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Genevieve Sabourin

Accused of stalking Alec Baldwin. The case garnered nationwide attention, with USAToday, NYPost, and other media outlets following it closely.

Faced Potential Charges

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Juror who prompted calls for new Ghislaine Maxwell trial turns to lawyer who defended Anna Sorokin.

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Meet Todd Spodek


The Spodek Law Group understands how delicate high-profile cases can be, and has a strong track record of getting positive outcomes. Our lawyers service a clientele that is nationwide. With offices in both LA and NYC, and cases all across the country - Spodek Law Group is a top tier law firm.

Todd Spodek is a second generation attorney with immense experience. He has many years of experience handling 100’s of tough and hard to win trials. He’s been featured on major news outlets, such as New York Post, Newsweek, Fox 5 New York, South China Morning Post, Insider.com, and many others.

In 2022, Netflix released a series about one of Todd’s clients: Anna Delvey/Anna Sorokin.

Why Clients Choose Spodek Law Group

The reason is simple: clients want white glove service, and lawyers who can win. Every single client who works with the Spodek Law Group is aware that the attorney they hire could drastically change the outcome of their case. Hiring the Spodek Law Group means you’re taking your future seriously. Our lawyers handle cases nationwide, ranging from NYC to LA. Our philosophy is fair and simple: our nyc criminal lawyers only take on clients who we know will benefit from our services.

We’re selective about the clients we work with, and only take on cases we know align with our experience – and where we can make a difference. This is different from other law firms who are not invested in your success nor care about your outcome.

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What Qualifies as Stalking in New York City? Penalties and Defenses

What Qualifies as Stalking in New York City? Penalties and Defenses

Stalking is defined in New York as intentionally and repeatedly harassing or following someone in a way that would cause a reasonable person to become alarmed or fear for their safety. Stalking behaviors can include unwanted communication, tracking someone’s movements, making threats, and more.

What Behaviors Qualify as Stalking?

According to New York penal code §120.45-120.60, stalking involves intentionally and repeatedly:

  • Following someone in public places
  • Appearing at someone’s home, school, or work
  • Calling, texting, emailing excessively
  • Leaving unwanted items, gifts, or messages
  • Threatening physical harm
  • Spreading lies or rumors that endanger reputation
  • Spying on, surveilling, or tracking someone

Other stalking behaviors include hacking into accounts, manipulating technology to monitor someone, and encouraging third parties to participate in harassment campaigns.

The key qualifiers are that the behaviors would cause a reasonable person fear or emotional distress and they are repeated, intentional acts. One-time incidents may not meet the stalking definition.

Stalking Penalties and Charges in New York

Stalking charges in NYC depend on the degree of crime:

  • Fourth Degree Stalking – Misdemeanor with up to 1 year in jail
  • Third Degree Stalking – Class A misdemeanor with up to 1 year in jail
  • Second Degree Stalking – Class E felony with up to 4 years in prison
  • First Degree Stalking – Class D violent felony with up to 7 years in prison

Higher stalking degrees involve:

  • Prior stalking convictions
  • Violation of court orders
  • Victim under 16 years old
  • Use of weapon
  • Partner stalking

Stalking sentences can also include fines up to $5,000 and orders of protection prohibiting contact with the victim. Immigration consequences may also apply for non-citizens.

Defenses Against Stalking Charges

Common stalking defenses in New York include:

  • No intent or threat – If actions were unintentional or non-threatening, stalking is not applicable. Must prove intent.
  • False allegations – If alleged victim is lying or making false claims, invalidates stalking.
  • Free speech – Non-threatening communication may be protected speech, not stalking.
  • Mistaken identity – Someone else committed the stalking behaviors.

An experienced criminal defense lawyer can evaluate the available evidence and determine if any defenses apply to fight the charges.

What To Do If You Are a Stalking Victim

If you believe you are being stalked, important steps include:

  • Report to police – File a stalking report so there is an official record. Can request restraining order.
  • Document evidence – Keep detailed records of stalking incidents and behaviors. Photos, videos, texts can help prove.
  • Tell family/friends – Enlist support system to help monitor situation. Extra eyes and ears.
  • Consider security – Upgrade home security, cameras, alarm system to deter stalking. Vary daily routines.
  • Contact an attorney – Speak with a lawyer to understand rights and civil options, in addition to criminal case.

Stalking can cause lasting trauma and severely impact quality of life. Seek help right away to stop the behaviors and feel safe again. Support services like counseling or support groups can also help process the emotional impact.

Stalking Laws and Penalties Vary By State

While this covers New York City specifically, penalties for stalking, harassment, and related charges differ across states. Be sure to understand the laws where you live or where any relevant incidents occurred.

For example, under New Jersey stalking laws, repeatedly following or harassing someone in violation of a restraining order bumps charges up to a third degree crime.

And California stalking laws classify most stalking as a wobbler offense, chargeable as misdemeanor or felony.

Check state statutes for a full understanding of local stalking and harassment provisions. Penalties issued depend on state laws.


For more information on stalking laws and defenses in NYC or elsewhere, helpful sites include:

Stalking Laws By State Summary

New York Stalking Statutes

What Can I Do If I’m Being Stalked Video

I hope this overview gives you a better understanding of stalking provisions and penalties in NYC. Let me know if you have any other questions!

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I was searching for a law firm with some power to help me deal with a warrant in New York . After 6 days I decided to go with Spodek Law Group. It helped that This law firm is well respected by not only the top law firms in New York , but the DA , Judge as well. I...

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It was my good fortune to retain Spodek Law Group for representation for my legal needs. From the beginning, communication was prompt and thorough. Todd, Kenneth and Alex were the first people I worked with and they all made me feel comfortable and confident that the team was going to work hard for me. Everything was explained and any concerns...

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