24/7 call for a free consultation 212-300-5196

AS SEEN ON

EXPERIENCEDTop Rated

YOU MAY HAVE SEEN TODD SPODEK ON THE NETFLIX SHOW
INVENTING ANNA

When you’re facing a federal issue, you need an attorney whose going to be available 24/7 to help you get the results and outcome you need. The value of working with the Spodek Law Group is that we treat each and every client like a member of our family.

Client Testimonials

5

THE BEST LAWYER ANYONE COULD ASK FOR.

The BEST LAWYER ANYONE COULD ASK FOR!!! Todd changed our lives! He’s not JUST a lawyer representing us for a case. Todd and his office have become Family. When we entered his office in August of 2022, we entered with such anxiety, uncertainty, and so much stress. Honestly we were very lost. My husband and I felt alone. How could a lawyer who didn’t know us, know our family, know our background represents us, When this could change our lives for the next 5-7years that my husband was facing in Federal jail. By the time our free consultation was over with Todd, we left his office at ease. All our questions were answered and we had a sense of relief.

schedule a consultation

Blog

Obteniendo la Mayor Reducción de Condena: Válvula de Seguridad vs Asistencia Sustancial

March 21, 2024 Uncategorized

 

Introducción

Cuando una persona es declarada culpable de un delito federal, el juez tiene que imponer una condena basada en las pautas de sentencia establecidas por el Congreso. Sin embargo, hay dos maneras principales en que un acusado puede obtener una reducción de condena más allá de lo que normalmente correspondería según las pautas: a través de una “válvula de seguridad” o proporcionando “asistencia sustancial” al gobierno.

Válvula de Seguridad

Una válvula de seguridad permite que un juez imponga una condena por debajo del rango establecido por las pautas si el caso cumple con ciertos criterios. Según el Código de los Estados Unidos, Título 18, Sección 3553, el juez puede considerar factores como:

  • La naturaleza y circunstancias del delito
  • La historia y características del acusado
  • La necesidad de la condena impuesta

Por ejemplo, si el acusado cometió el delito debido a circunstancias atenuantes, tiene antecedentes ejemplares, el delito fue un incidente aislado, y una larga condena no se justifica, el juez podría utilizar la válvula de seguridad para imponer una condena menor.

Asistencia Sustancial

La asistencia sustancial se refiere a cuando un acusado proporciona información o testimonio que ayuda al gobierno en la investigación o enjuiciamiento de otra persona. Según la Sección 5K1.1 de las Pautas de Sentencia de los Estados Unidos, si el acusado brinda una asistencia sustancial, el gobierno puede presentar una moción solicitando una reducción de la condena.
Los factores que se consideran para determinar la reducción apropiada incluyen:

  • La significación e importancia de la asistencia brindada
  • La veracidad, exhaustividad y confiabilidad de la información o testimonio
  • La naturaleza y alcance de la asistencia
  • Cualquier peligro o riesgo incurrido por el acusado o su familia debido a la asistencia

Cuanto más útil y riesgosa sea la asistencia, mayor podría ser la reducción de condena.

Comparación de Beneficios

Tanto las válvulas de seguridad como la asistencia sustancial pueden resultar en reducciones significativas de condenas, pero existen diferencias clave:

Christine Twomey
Christine Twomey
2024-03-21
Just had my Divorce case settled 2 months ago after having a horrible experience with another firm. I couldn’t be happier with Claire Banks and Elizabeth Garvey with their outstanding professionalism in doing so with Spodek Law Group. Any time I needed questions answered they were always prompt in doing so with all my uncertainties after 30 yrs of marriage.I feel from the bottom of my heart you will NOT be disappointed with either one. Thanks a million.
Brendan huisman
Brendan huisman
2024-03-18
Alex Zhik contacted me almost immediately when I reached out to Spodek for a consultation and was able to effectively communicate the path forward/consequences of my legal issue. I immediately agreed to hire Alex for his services and did not regret my choice. He was able to cover my case in court (with 1 day notice) and not only was he able to push my case down, he carefully negotiated a dismissal of the charge altogether. I highly recommend Spodek, and more specifically, Alex Zhik for all of your legal issues. Thanks guys!
Guerline Menard
Guerline Menard
2024-03-18
Thanks again Spodek law firm, particularly Esq Claire Banks who stood right there with us up to the finish line. Attached photos taken right outside of the court building and the smile on our faces represented victory, a breath of fresh air and satisfaction. We are very happy that this is over and we can move on with our lives. Thanks Spodek law 🙏🏼🙏🏼🙏🏼🙏🏼🙌🏼❤️
Keisha Parris
Keisha Parris
2024-03-15
Believe every single review here about Alex Z!! From our initial consultation, it was evident that Alex possessed a profound understanding of criminal law and a fierce dedication to his clients rights. Throughout the entirety of my case, Alex exhibited unparalleled professionalism and unwavering commitment. What sets Alex apart is not only his legal expertise but also his genuine compassion for his clients. He took the time to thoroughly explain my case, alleviating any concerns I had along the way. His exact words were “I’m not worried about it”. His unwavering support and guidance were invaluable throughout the entire process. I am immensely grateful for Alex's exceptional legal representation and wholeheartedly recommend his services to anyone in need of a skilled criminal defense attorney. Alex Z is not just a lawyer; he is a beacon of hope for those navigating the complexities of the legal system. If you find yourself in need of a dedicated and competent legal advocate, look no further than Alex Z.
Taïko Beauty
Taïko Beauty
2024-03-15
I don’t know where to start, I can write a novel about this firm, but one thing I will say is that having my best interest was their main priority since the beginning of my case which was back in Winter 2019. Miss Claire Banks, one of the best Attorneys in the firm represented me very well and was very professional, respectful, and truthful. Not once did she leave me in the dark, in fact she presented all options and routes that could possibly be considered for my case and she reinsured me that no matter what I decided to do, her and the team will have my back and that’s exactly what happened. Not only will I be liberated from this case, also, I will enjoy my freedom and continue to be a mother to my first born son and will have no restrictions with accomplishing my goals in life. Now that’s what I call victory!! I thank the Lord, My mother, Claire, and the Spodek team for standing by me and fighting with me. Words can’t describe how grateful I am to have the opportunity to work with this team. I’m very satisfied, very pleased with their performance, their hard work, and their diligence. Thank you team!
Anthony Williams
Anthony Williams
2024-03-12
Hey, how you guys doing? Good afternoon my name is Anthony Williams I just want to give a great shout out to the team of. Spodek law group. It is such a honor to use them and to use their assistance through this whole case from start to finish. They did everything that they said they was gonna do and if it ever comes down to it, if I ever have to use them again, hands-down they will be the first law office at the top of my list, thank you guys so much. It was a pleasure having you guys by my side so if you guys ever need them, do not hesitate to pick up the phone and give them a call.
Loveth Okpedo
Loveth Okpedo
2024-03-12
Very professional, very transparent, over all a great experience
Bee L
Bee L
2024-02-28
Amazing experience with Spodek! Very professional lawyers who take your case seriously. They treated me with respect, were always available, and answered any and all questions. They were able to help me very successfully and removed a huge stress. Highly recommend.
divesh patel
divesh patel
2024-02-24
I can't recommend Alex Zhik and Spodek Law Firm highly enough for their exceptional legal representation and personal mentorship. From the moment I engaged their services in October 2022, Alex took the time to understand my case thoroughly and provided guidance every step of the way. Alex's dedication to my case went above and beyond my expectations. His expertise, attention to detail, and commitment to achieving the best possible outcome were evident throughout the entire process. He took the time to mentor me, ensuring I understood the legal complexities involved to make informed decisions. Alex is the kind of guy you would want to have a beer with and has made a meaningful impact on me. I also want to acknowledge Todd Spodek, the leader of the firm, who played a crucial role in my case. His leadership and support bolstered the efforts of Alex, and his involvement highlighted the firm's commitment to excellence. Thanks to Alex Zhik and Todd Spodek, I achieved the outcome I desired, and I am incredibly grateful for their professionalism, expertise, and genuine care. If you're in need of legal representation, look no further than this outstanding team.

Certidumbre

Las válvulas de seguridad dependen totalmente de la discreción del juez, mientras que la asistencia sustancial depende inicialmente de la fiscalía para presentar una moción de reducción de condena. Por lo tanto, la asistencia sustancial proporciona mayor certidumbre y predictibilidad con respecto a la posible reducción.

Magnitud de la Reducción

En teoría, las válvulas de seguridad no tienen límite en la reducción disponible, mientras que las pautas recomiendan un máximo de reducción del 50% por asistencia sustancial en la mayoría de los casos. Sin embargo, en la práctica, las reducciones extremadamente grandes por válvulas de seguridad son muy raras.

Momento de la Reducción

Las mociones de reducción por asistencia sustancial generalmente no se presentan hasta después de la sentencia, mientras que las válvulas de seguridad se aplican en el momento de la condena. Esto significa que el acusado tendría que cumplir algún tiempo en prisión antes de obtener la reducción por asistencia sustancial.

Requisitos

Para calificar para una reducción por válvula de seguridad, el acusado debe convencer al juez de que su caso es excepcional. Para la asistencia sustancial, el acusado debe primero ser condenado y luego proporcionar información útil sobre otros delitos o delincuentes al gobierno.

Riesgos

Cooperar con el gobierno y testificar contra otros implica riesgos significativos, como represalias. Las válvulas de seguridad no conllevan estos peligros.

Ejemplos de Casos

Válvula de Seguridad

Un ejemplo notable involucra al ex alcalde de Detroit, Kwame Kilpatrick, quien fue condenado por corrupción. Aunque las pautas de sentencia recomendaban una condena de al menos 19 años, el juez sólo le impuso 15 años, citando factores como la relativa corta duración del esquema de corrupción y la probabilidad de que Kilpatrick no reincida debido a su destitución y desgracia pública.

Asistencia Sustancial

Un caso notable involucra a Ricky Ross, un notorio traficante de cocaína condenado a cadena perpetua en 1996. Ross posteriormente cooperó extensamente con el gobierno y testificó contra docenas de otros narcotraficantes, lo que resultó en más de 100 condenas. En reconocimiento de su asistencia sustancial, su condena se redujo a 20 años en 2008.

Consideraciones

Al decidir si buscar una reducción de condena, tanto las válvulas de seguridad como la asistencia sustancial tienen sus ventajas y desventajas únicas que se deben sopesar cuidadosamente según las circunstancias del caso. Los factores clave a considerar incluyen:

  • Probabilidad de éxito
  • Magnitud de la reducción potencial
  • Requisitos y riesgos involucrados
  • Efectos sobre la familia
  • Posibilidad de apelación o anulación

En última instancia, la mejor opción dependerá mucho de los hechos específicos, las pruebas disponibles y los objetivos personales del acusado. Un abogado penalista experimentado será invaluable para evaluar todas las opciones y desarrollar una estrategia legal integral.

Conclusión

Tanto las válvulas de seguridad como la asistencia sustancial son herramientas legales importantes que pueden utilizarse para buscar reducciones de condenas en el sistema de justicia penal federal. Cada una tiene sus propias ventajas, desventajas y consideraciones únicas. Al trabajar en estrecha colaboración con un abogado competente, un acusado puede determinar cuál opción -si corresponde- ofrece el mejor camino a seguir según su situación. Con una estrategia bien planificada, es posible maximizar las posibilidades de obtener la mayor reducción de condena posible bajo la ley.

Lawyers You Can Trust

Todd Spodek

Founding Partner

view profile

RALPH P. FRANCHO, JR

Associate

view profile

JEREMY FEIGENBAUM

Associate Attorney

view profile

ELIZABETH GARVEY

Associate

view profile

CLAIRE BANKS

Associate

view profile

RAJESH BARUA

Of-Counsel

view profile

CHAD LEWIN

Of-Counsel

view profile

Criminal Defense Lawyers Trusted By the Media

schedule a consultation
Schedule Your Consultation Now