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Faced 5+ Years in Prison

People Vs Joseph Amico

Covered by NYDaily News. Las Vegas man accused of threatening a prominent attorney and making vile remarks.

Faced 10+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Anna Sorokin

Covered by New York Times, and other outlets. Fake heiress accused of conning the city’s wealthy, and has an HBO special being made about her.

Faced 3+ Years in Prison

People Vs. Genevieve Sabourin

Accused of stalking Alec Baldwin. The case garnered nationwide attention, with USAToday, NYPost, and other media outlets following it closely.

Faced Potential Charges

Ghislaine Maxwell Juror

Juror who prompted calls for new Ghislaine Maxwell trial turns to lawyer who defended Anna Sorokin.

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Meet Todd Spodek


The Spodek Law Group understands how delicate high-profile cases can be, and has a strong track record of getting positive outcomes. Our lawyers service a clientele that is nationwide. With offices in both LA and NYC, and cases all across the country - Spodek Law Group is a top tier law firm.

Todd Spodek is a second generation attorney with immense experience. He has many years of experience handling 100’s of tough and hard to win trials. He’s been featured on major news outlets, such as New York Post, Newsweek, Fox 5 New York, South China Morning Post, Insider.com, and many others.

In 2022, Netflix released a series about one of Todd’s clients: Anna Delvey/Anna Sorokin.

Why Clients Choose Spodek Law Group

The reason is simple: clients want white glove service, and lawyers who can win. Every single client who works with the Spodek Law Group is aware that the attorney they hire could drastically change the outcome of their case. Hiring the Spodek Law Group means you’re taking your future seriously. Our lawyers handle cases nationwide, ranging from NYC to LA. Our philosophy is fair and simple: our nyc criminal lawyers only take on clients who we know will benefit from our services.

We’re selective about the clients we work with, and only take on cases we know align with our experience – and where we can make a difference. This is different from other law firms who are not invested in your success nor care about your outcome.

If you have a legal issue, call us for a consultation.
We are available 24/7, to help you with any – and all, challenges you face.

How Do Three Strikes Laws Work in New York? Mandatory Minimums

How Do Three Strikes Laws Work in New York? Mandatory Minimums

Overview of Three Strikes Laws

New York’s three strikes law went into effect in 1978. It requires a mandatory maximum sentence for any felony conviction after two prior violent felony convictions.

Specifically, under New York Penal Law § 70.08, a “persistent violent felony offender” is someone convicted of a violent felony offense after two prior separate violent felony convictions. Such offenders face mandatory maximum prison sentences.

For example, if someone was convicted of three separate robberies, they would face up to 25 years to life in prison under the three strikes law. Judges have no discretion to impose a lower sentence regardless of mitigating factors.

What Qualifies as a Strike?

In order for an offense to count as a strike under New York’s law, it must meet certain criteria:

  • It must have been classified as a violent felony offense
  • It must have resulted in a conviction (meaning a verdict or guilty plea)
  • The convictions must be for separate incidents tried separately

Violent felony offenses include crimes like murder, kidnapping, arson, robbery, burglary, and certain assaults. The full list of qualifying felonies is defined in N.Y. Penal Law § 70.02.

Drug offenses, white collar crimes, and non-violent felonies cannot count as strikes.

Effects of Three Strikes Laws

Proponents argue three strikes laws take career criminals off the streets and act as a deterrent. However, research on their effectiveness has been mixed. Some research has found little deterrent effect and no influence on statewide crime rates.

Critics also argue three strikes laws impose unreasonable mandatory sentences, remove judicial discretion, and disproportionately affect minorities. Over 90% of those incarcerated under three strikes nationally are African American or Hispanic.

There are also economic costs. Incarcerating aging prisoners under three strikes is expensive for states. By 2030, incarceration costs for three strikes prisoners could reach $9.7 billion annually nationwide.

Mandatory Minimum Sentences

In addition to three strikes laws, New York has other mandatory minimum sentencing laws that require strict penalties for certain crimes regardless of mitigating factors.

For example, the Rockefeller Drug Laws imposed harsh mandatory minimums for drug offenses. Selling two ounces or possessing four ounces of heroin or cocaine triggers a mandatory 15-years-to-life sentence.

Firearm offenses also carry mandatory minimums. Simply possessing a loaded firearm illegally in New York can result in a 3.5 year mandatory minimum prison sentence.

Judges have no discretion under mandatory minimums. Critics argue they impose unreasonable “one size fits all” punishments without regard for individual circumstances.

Reform Efforts

There have been efforts to reform three strikes laws and mandatory minimum sentences in New York.

For example, the Rockefeller Drug Laws have been reformed to allow more judicial discretion and treatment alternatives to incarceration. The original laws imposed costly prison terms without reducing drug abuse or crime.

The latest criminal justice reform legislation in 2019 also eased certain mandatory minimums. For example, the mandatory minimum for second degree burglary was lowered from 3.5 to 2 years.

While New York has reformed some areas, three strikes and mandatory minimums still remain stringent. Critics argue more reform is needed to create a fairer, less punitive criminal justice system.


In summary, New York’s three strikes law and other mandatory minimum sentencing statutes impose strict penalties without judicial discretion. While designed to deter crime, research shows little crime reduction effect. Critics argue these laws are overly punitive, costly, and disproportionately impact minorities. There have been some reforms recently, but more changes may be needed to fix systemic flaws with mandatory sentencing.

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I was searching for a law firm with some power to help me deal with a warrant in New York . After 6 days I decided to go with Spodek Law Group. It helped that This law firm is well respected by not only the top law firms in New York , but the DA , Judge as well. I...

~Fonder Brandon

5 Stars
It was my good fortune to retain Spodek Law Group for representation for my legal needs. From the beginning, communication was prompt and thorough. Todd, Kenneth and Alex were the first people I worked with and they all made me feel comfortable and confident that the team was going to work hard for me. Everything was explained and any concerns...

~A G

5 Stars
After meeting with several law firms, I chose the Spodek Law Group not only for their professionalism and experience, but for the personal attention given to me right from the initial consultation. It is important to recognize how crucial having the right legal team is when faced with potentially life altering events that impact families and the lives of loved...

~George Cherubini

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